The Canadian Council for Aviation & Aerospace, (CCAA), is assisting Elevate Aviation with a survey to examine why more women don't look at aviation as a career.
Data collected during the project will be used to develop recommendations for aviation companies across Canada, with a long-term goal of having more women in the industry, helping to relieve the pressure of the worldwide aviation labour shortage. Part of the data collection process is a short survey that was developed by Zag Creative, a Canadian marketing firm, in conjunction with Elevate Aviation to learn more about the current perceptions of the aviation industry. Data collected will be used to help shape future recruitment strategies.
The survey is open to all aviation employees - from front desk clerks, to mechanic, pilot, deicers, and flight attendant etc. If you work at an aviation company, you are invited to take the survey. The survey should only take approximately 10 minutes to complete. The survey will be open until January 23, 2019. Participants have a chance to win a $500 visa gift card.
As this is also a topic CCAA will be examining during our new Labour Market Information project we have offered our assistance.
Thank you for taking the time to participate in this important survey; please click here.
Director of Project Management
Canadian Council for Aviation & Aerospace/Conseil canadien de l'aviation et de l'aérospatiale
1785 Alta Vista Drive, Suite 105, Ottawa, ON, K1G 3Y6
Tel: 613-727-8272, ext. 247
Transport Canada Publishes New Flight & Duty Time Regulations
On December 12 2018, Transport Canada published new Flight & Duty Time regulations, over the objections of HAC, and virtually every other aviation association in Canada. The new regulations can be found at the link, below:
The regulations are the culmination of a long and acrimonious exchange between Transport Canada and industry on this subject, and HAC has argued that helicopter operators will be one of the industry segments most negatively affected by the new rules. As you know, HAC and other associations have made our views known to Members of Parliament – both in government and the Opposition, and to Treasury Board members, who finally approved the regulations for publication in CG2. We understand that this issue is critically important to our industry, and particularly important to small, seasonal operators. Transport Canada has claimed that the new regulations are based in science however, HAC and others have maintained that Transport Canada has pandered to the demands of the largest airline unions, and largely ignored the interests of other industry segments. HAC, and other industry associations are considering our next steps on this subject, but for now, we wanted to provide a short summary of the changes we are facing, and a narrative on some of our options as we face the new regulations, as they were published.
The new regulations will not take effect until four years after their publication in in CG2 – which means that until December 12 2022, the status quo will apply. Transport Canada has indicated that in the meantime they are open to association-sponsored FRMS applications (applicable to a particular operation-type or industry segment) for relief from the most problematic parts of the new regulations. In a briefing from Transport Canada, earlier this week, they mentioned specifically that they are open to an FRMS application that would reinstate a “Zeroing” concept, at some level. Unfortunately, Transport Canada was unwilling to consider the zeroing concept earlier in the process, and there is some question whether FRMS will actually provide any practical relief from the prescriptive regulations on terms that will be scalable for the size and complexity of the operation. There is some question whether FRMS can be practically implemented except in the context of an SMS, and Transport Canada’s Pilot Programs for FRMS have failed, so far. Transport Canada, over the last 15 years, has failed to devise an SMS that is scalable for the size and complexity of a small operator, and HAC has some reservations whether it will ever be a regulatory requirement for CAR 703 and 704 operators.
HAC also believes that the new Cumulative Duty Hour limits are unsupported by the fatigue-related science. That is, the Duty Day that your pilot worked 21 days ago (for example) is largely irrelevant to his/her fatigue levels today – provided that the crew member receives regular and sufficient rest.
In a number of ways, the new regulations are more conservative than the regulations that were published in Canada Gazette I, and HAC believes – for that reason alone, the regulations should have been re-published for fresh comments in Canada Gazette I. The Time Free from Duty section (700.119 (1) See below) for example, is considerably more conservative that the CG1 version. The new wording, makes it virtually impossible to conduct continuous deployed operations with a single pilot, even using two-week rotations. These regulations are a radical departure from the current rules, and they are intolerable for the helicopter industry in their current form. Transport Canada needs to hear from you, in your words.
Specifically excluded from the application of the new regulations are MEDEVAC Operations, and CAR 702 operations however, the fact that our industry frequently switches between CAR 702 and CAR 703 operations, will mitigate the benefits of having CAR 702 excluded. If your flight crews are doing both types of operations, the more restrictive CAR 703 limits would be applicable.
Even after publication in CG2, nothing is ever final, and we have four years to continue our work on this file. The complexion of this issue could change considerably if the Liberals are not re-elected in next Fall’s Federal election, or if Minister Garneau does not run, again, for example.
Transport Canada senior management have asked HAC to solicit feedback on the new regulations, and we invite you to provide your initial response directly to HAC in writing, so that we can de-identify and consolidate those remarks in an HAC submission to Transport Canada, by the end of next week. Please also review the included Advisory Circulars. The Minister and his staff should be aware of the implications of these new regulations on our industry segment, in no uncertain terms. We will be having a preliminary meeting with Transport Canada early next week to alert them to some of the most problematic elements of the new regulations.
High Level Summary of the Changes for DAY VFR Operations
MAXIMUM FLIGHT DUTY PERIOD — FLIGHTS CONDUCTED UNDER DAY VFR [Currently 14 hours]
Item - Start Time of Flight Duty Period - Maximum Flight Duty Period
1 - 24:00 to 03:59 - 9 hours
2 - 04:00 to 04:59 - 10 hours
3 - 05:00 to 05:59 - 11 hours
4 - 06:00 to 06:59 - 12 hours
5 - 07:00 to 12:59 - 13 hours
6 - 13:00 to 16:59 - 12.5 hours
7 - 17:00 to 21:59 - 12 hours
8 - 22:00 to 22:59 - 11 hours
9 - 23:00 to 23:59 - 10 hours
Maximum Number of Hours of Work [NEW Rule]
700.29 (1) An air operator shall not assign a flight duty period to a flight crew member, and a flight crew member shall not accept such an assignment, if, as a result, the member’s number of hours of work will exceed
• (a) 2,200 hours in any 365 consecutive days; • (b) 192 hours in any 28 consecutive days [An average of roughly 7.6 hours/day DUTY] ;
• (c) 60 hours in any 7 consecutive days if the air operator has provided the member with the following time free from duty: o (i) 1 single day free from duty in any 168 consecutive hours [1 day in 7], and o (ii) 4 single days free from duty in any 672 consecutive hours [28 days]; or
• (d) 70 hours in any 7 consecutive days if the air operator has provided 120 consecutive hours [5 days] free from duty, including 5 consecutive local nights’ rest, in any 504 consecutive hours [21 days] and if
o (i) the member is not assigned early duty, late duty or night duty,
o (ii) the member is not assigned a flight duty period greater than 12 hours, and
o (iii) the member’s maximum number of hours of work is 24 hours in any consecutive 48 hours.
Maximum Flight Time
700.103 (1) An air operator shall not assign a flight crew member for flight time, and a flight crew member shall not accept such an assignment, if the member’s total flight time will, as a result, exceed
• (a) if the flight is conducted under Subpart 4 or 5 using an aircraft other than a helicopter, 40 hours in any 7 consecutive days;
• (b) if the flight is conducted under Subpart 3, or is conducted using a helicopter, 60 hours in any 7 consecutive days; • (c) 120 hours in any 30 consecutive days [Currently 150 in 30] or, in the case of a flight crew member on call, 100 hours in any 30 consecutive days [New]; • (d) 300 hours in any 90 consecutive days [Currently 450 in 90];
• (e) 1,200 hours in any 365 consecutive days; or • (f) in the case of a single-pilot operation, 8 hours in any 24 consecutive hours [New]. [Zeroing provisions, deleted]
Maximum Flight Duty Period
700.104 An air operator shall not assign a flight duty period to a flight crew member, and a flight crew member shall not accept such an assignment, if the flight duty period exceeds 14 hours.
Rest Period — General
700.116 (1) An air operator shall provide a flight crew member, at the end of a flight duty period, with a rest period of 10 hours plus the travel time to and from the place where the rest period is taken [New].
(2) An air operator shall provide a flight crew member with advance notice of the member’s rest period and its duration.
Time Free from Duty
700.119 (1) An air operator shall provide each flight crew member with the following time free from duty [At the limit, currently 5 off after 42 days to “zero”]:
• (a) at least 36 consecutive hours in 7 days; and
• (b) at least 3 consecutive days in 17 days.
Consecutive Flight Duty Periods
700.120 An air operator shall provide a flight crew member with at least 24 consecutive hours free from flight duty following three consecutive flight duty period assignments that exceed 12 consecutive hours unless the member has received a rest period of at least 24 consecutive hours free from flight duty between each flight duty period assignment [New].
Transport Canada senior management have invited us to solicit feedback from Operator-members on the new regulations, and we invite you to provide your comments directly to HAC in writing, so that we can de-identify and consolidate those remarks in an HAC submission to Transport Canada. The Minister and his staff should be aware of the implications of these new regulations on our industry segment.
Please review the regulations in their entirety, and make your written submission to HAC to fred.jones@h-a-ca on, or before December 20 2018. Please identify the sections that are most problematic for your operation.
Notice to CARAC members,
This is to advise that Transport Canada is extending the implementation date of the new Crew Resource Management (CRM) standards from January 31, 2019 to September 30, 2019.
The objective of CRM is to enhance communication, interaction, human factors and management skills of the crew members and others interacting with crew so as to achieve safe operations and to identify risks early.
Accordingly, on 28 July 2017, Transport Canada made new CRM standards applicable to Subparts 702, 703, 704 and 705 of the Canadian Aviation Regulations (CARs), published via the CARAC Activity Reporting System. At the same time, Transport Canada released Advisory Circular (AC) 700-042 Crew Resource Management (CRM), which outlines the means of compliance relating to the CRM standards. CARAC members were also informed of the 18-months implementation timeframe, resulting in the new standards being effective January 31, 2019.
While many operators to this date have completed or are nearing completion of required activities to implement the CRM standards, challenges and concerns have been expressed with respect to the communication of the implementation timelines. Given the recognized benefit and value of CRM, Transport Canada wishes to ensure that organizations have the appropriate time to prepare and implement their respective CRM practices and procedures.
Accordingly, Transport Canada is providing organizations an additional 8 months (from January 31 to September 30, 2019) to have CRM in place and functioning. The department expects compliance of CRM standards by September 30, 2019, and strongly encourages the submission to Transport Canada of any documentation for review, as early as possible. In addition, organizations may start using their CRM documentation as soon as it is submitted to Transport Canada.
In order to support the delayed implementation of the CRM Standards, Transport Canada will issue a global exemption before January 31, 2019.
The CRM standards can be found at:
We would like to take this opportunity to thank those organizations that have already completed the implementation of the CRM standards.
Should you have any question, please do not hesitate to contact your local Transport Canada Civil Aviation inspector.
Canadian Aviation Regulation Advisory Council
Transport Canada / Government of Canada
Avis aux membres du CCRAC,
La présente a pour but de vous informer de la décision de Transports Canada de prolonger la date de mise en œuvre des nouvelles normes concernant la gestion des ressources de l'équipage (CRM), du 31 janvier 2019 au 30 septembre 2019.
La CRM a pour objectif d’améliorer la communication, l’interaction, les facteurs humains et les compétences en gestion des membres d’équipage et des autres intervenants qui interagissent avec les membres d’équipage, dans le but de mener des opérations sécuritaires et d’identifier le plus tôt possible les risques inhérents aux opérations.
Par conséquent, le 28 juillet 2017, Transports Canada a pris les nouvelles normes CRM, visant les sous-parties 702, 703, 704 et 705 du Règlement de l’aviation canadien (RAC) et les a publiées sur le Système de rapport des activités du CCRAC. Au même moment, Transports Canada a rendu public la Circulaire d’information (CI) 700-042, Gestion des ressources de l’équipage, laquelle détaille les façons de se conformer aux nouvelles normes. Les membres du CCRAC ont également été informés de la période de mise en œuvre de 18 mois, les normes prenant effet le 31 janvier 2019.
Plusieurs exploitants ont à ce jour complété, ou sont sur le point de compléter, les activités nécessaires en lien à la mise en œuvre des normes CRM. Cependant, certains défis et préoccupations ont été identifiés concernant la façon dont les échéanciers de mise en œuvre ont été communiqués. Étant donné les bénéfices connus de la CRM, Transports Canada tient à ce que les exploitants aient le temps requis pour développer et mettre en œuvre les procédures et pratiques afférentes à la CRM.
Par conséquent, Transports Canada accorde une période additionnelle de 8 mois (du 31 janvier au 30 septembre 2019) pour mettre en place les éléments d’une CRM. Le ministère s’attend à une pleine conformité des normes CRM d’ici le 30 septembre 2019, et encourage la soumission à Transports Canada de toute documentation pertinente le plus rapidement possible. De plus, les exploitants sont encourages à appliquer cette documentation dès qu’elle a été soumise à Transports Canada.
Pour assurer la prolongation de la mise en œuvre des normes CRM, Transports Canada émettra une exemption globale d’ici le 31 janvier 2019.
Les normes CRM sont disponibles par l’entremise du lien suivant :
Nous profitons de cette occasion pour remercier les exploitants qui ont déjà complété la mise en oeuvre des normes CRM.
Pour toute question, nous vous invitons à contacter directement votre inspecteur désigné à Transports Canada.
Conseil consultatif sur la réglementation aérienne canadienne
Transports Canada / Gouvernement du Canada
Transport Canada has also provided the following note and Advisory Circulars as guidance:
The Regulations Amending the Canadian Aviation Regulations (Parts I, VI and VII — Flight Crew Member Hours of Work and Rest Periods) were published in Part II of the Canada Gazette on December 12, 2018 [http://www.gazette.gc.ca/rp-pr/p2/2018/2018-12-12/html/sor-dors269-eng.html].
Associated standards to Subpart 702 - Aerial Work of the Canadian Aviation Regulations can be found at
The following three Advisory Circulars have been updated to reflect this amendment; draft Issue 2 of these ACs can be found at http://wwwapps.tc.gc.ca/Saf-Sec-Sur/2/npa-apm/actr.aspx?id=13&aType=1&lang=eng:
- AC 700-047: Flight Crew Fatigue Management – Prescriptive Limitations
- AC 700-046: Fatigue Risk Management System Requirements
- AC 700-045: Exemption and Safety Case Process for FRMS
After releasing Issue 2 of these three ACs, we will continue to work with stakeholders to improve future issues.
Furthermore, TC will continue to work with operators to develop and refine guidance material, and build common tools to support their operations. This will be led by TC’s Fatigue Risk Management System Special Advisor and in collaboration with industry through focus groups, workshops, and pilot projects. TC is also contracting out the development of small operator guidance materials and tools, to further support this group.
To learn more about fatigue risk management in aviation, please visit our new webpage: http://www.tc.gc.ca/en/services/aviation/medical-fitness-aviation/fatigue-risk-management.html.
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